Samsung's achievement at CES 2019 is to continue to miniaturize its Micro LED technology. Unfortunately, we will not benefit in 2019.
In 2018, the "The Wall" screen was 146 inches diagonally for a 4K definition.
At CES 2019, the Micro LED is now contained in a slab of 75 inches diagonal in 4K resolution. Given the modularity of the Micro LED, it is even possible to create gigantic displays of several meters diagonally in 6K, 10.5K and even beyond. In addition, Samsung announces a consumption half the size of the OLED.
"The Wall" this year was more than 2 meters diagonal
This 75-inch screen uses the same Micro LED base as The Wall, it's a combination of self-emitting micro LED micro mosaics that contain millions of microscopic red, green and blue LED chips emitting their own light. Beyond the 4K definition, Samsung also uses one of the AI technologies found on its 8K QLED TVs. We can imagine a 16K screen in Micro LED that displays 8K videos up-scalled in 16K.
It's like Lego but for home theater.
Samsung firmly believes that the Micro LED will be the most suitable technology for your living room. Its modular nature allows you to choose any size or image format. It's like Lego but for home theater.
Nevertheless, the technological challenges are still enormous as well as the financial means necessary to achieve this. It's an investment in the future in a battle with rivals like LG and other manufacturers.
Micro LED vs OLED: the differences explained simply
If you do not hear about Micro LED now, do not worry. This technology has been around for a long time, but it only came back in 2018 at the CES where Samsung introduced its 146-inch "The Wall" screen.
To understand why Micro LED technology is such a big issue for the Korean manufacturer, it's important to understand how modern TVs work. At present, what we call LED TVs is actually an LCD panel with LEDs. LCDs can not produce their own light, so it is necessary to place a light behind them to get an image (a backlight).
Read on FrAndroid: IPS, AMOLED, IGZO, LTPS screens: all about display technologies
The reason why OLED TVs have such good reviews is that OLED displays are what we call "emissive display" technology. Every pixel of an OLED screen produces its own light – no backlighting is needed. The benefits of an emissive screen such as OLED are perfect black levels, excellent color, and almost perfect viewing angles. In a nutshell, OLED is great for everything that LED TVs are not. The disadvantage of OLED? Since these screens are made with organic compounds, their manufacture is expensive, their brightness is limited and they can potentially be "burned".
No screen border, which brings a true modular characteristic to the micro LED
What's exciting about Micro LED technology is that it's also emissive display, but unlike OLED, it does not depend on organic compounds to produce light. In theory, Micro LED displays should offer perfect blacks, excellent colors and near-perfect viewing angles, just like OLED displays, but they should also be even brighter, very thin, without any edging, less energy consuming than OLED and, in the long run, cheaper to produce than OLED.
In addition to offering impressive image performance, Samsung's Micro LED TVs are based on a modular system that allows users to customize the size of their screen. From an industrial point of view, it's a technology with huge promises.
For now, since this is a brand new technology, Samsung only offers a Micro LED TV in a 75-inch diagonal. But, as has always been the case with new innovations, the Micro LED will find itself on smaller screens and much more accessible in a few years. In the meantime, Samsung's Micro LED display is expected for 2020 or 2021 at an unknown price … but which will surely be over 10,000 euros.
On the consumer side, the OLED should remain the most popular technology until at least 2022, LG Display is opening an OLED factory in China that should allow OLED TV to pass under the psychological barrier of 1 000 euros. LG is still a few years ahead of rival Samsung, until the moment the Micro LED will be available and accessible, not to mention the QD-OLED is also planned at Samsung.